If a Jacobin is a French revolutionary, member of the increasingly radical Jacobin Club (1789-95; pictured on the right), what is a Jacobite (pictured on the left)?
- A person belonging to a movement called the Jacobites. They took their name from Jacobus, the Renaissance Latin form of Iacomus, the original Latin form of James. Adherents rebelled against the British government on several occasions between 1688 and 1746.
- A member of a political movement in Great Britain and Ireland that aimed to restore the Roman Catholic Stuart King James II of England and his heirs to the thrones of England, Scotland and Ireland
- A Catholic who hoped the Stuarts would end the ostracism of Catholics (or recusancy). Since 1593, Catholics were subject to penalties and called “Popish recusants.” The Jacobites hoped to repeal such laws.
- All of the above. Now we can see how important it is to know the difference!