Thermidor Fun Fact Day Thirty-Nine: Royal Survivors

Which member of the royal family survived the Terror? What was that person’s later name?
a. Le Dauphin Louis Charles, who became King Charles X.
b. Madame Élisabeth, who became la Marquise de la Rochejaquelein.
c. Marie-Thérèse, who became la Duchesse d’Angoulême.
d. Le Comte d’Artois, who became King Louis XVIII.

Thermidor Fun Fact Day Thirty-Eight: Defeated Tyrants: Napoleon and Robespierre thrown from the saddle

What great novel of the nineteenth century presents Napoleon as an “involuntary revolutionary” alongside a horseback-riding Robespierre who is thrown from his saddle; both of them meeting defeat on June 18, 1815?
a. Charles Dickens, A Tale of Two Cities
b. Victor Hugo, Les Misérables
c. Honoré de Balzac, Les Chouans
d. Herman Melville, Moby-Dick

Thermidor Fun Fact Day Thirty-Seven: Victory of General Hoche against the émigrés. At land or at sea?

Although the Terror had more or less officially ended in July-August 1794, fighting continued against the Republic’s enemies at home and abroad. A famous battle was fought in July 1795 (3 thermidor an III) by General Hoche against émigré armies. Where was that battle fought?
a. At Chamonix, in the Alps
b. At Perpignan, in the foothills of the Pyrenees
c. At Strasbourg, in the vineyards of Alsace
d. At Quiberon, along the Côte sauvage of Brittany

Thermidor Fun Fact Day Thirty-Six: Baudelaire and regicide remorse?

Baudelaire’s poem, “L’Irréparable” (The Irreparable) sounds an awful lot like the slogan of royalists and émigrés of the 1790s. Here is the first stanza of the poem. Match up the meaning of the stanza with the royalist slogan below.

Pouvons-nous étouffer le vieux, le long Remords,
Qui vit, s’agite et se tortille,
Et se nourrit de nous comme le vers des morts,
Comme du chêne la chenille?
Pouvons-nous étouffer l’implacable Remords?

–Charles Baudelaire, Les Fleurs du mal (1857)

a. “Fais ce que voudras.”
b. “Oublier n’est pas pardonner.”
c. “Carpe diem. “
d. “Familles, je vous hais.”

Thermidor Fun Fact Day Thirty-Five: Bara the boy martyr lives on today

A facsimile of a 1794 pamphlet relating the inspiring tale of the boy soldier Joseph Bara, who died at age 14, can be found within the pages of what book by a contemporary French writer? Legend has it that when ordered to say “Vive le Roi,” he refused and was killed by the king’s troops. Bara was celebrated by Robespierre as a martyr to the Republic. In fact he would have been “pantheonized” if Thermidor had not put a wrench in Robespierre’s plans.

The juxtaposition of this pamphlet to the narrative listed below seems at first oddly assonant; one wonders what the author was thinking…until the last sentence: “Elles diront que la liberté n’est pas négociable.”

a. Leïla Sebbar, Le Pays de ma mère: Voyage en Frances [sic]
b. Thomas Piketty, Le Capital au XXIe siècle
c. Pierre Ronsanvallon, La Société des égaux
d. Marc Fumaroli, Exercices de lecture

Thermidor Fun Fact Day Thirty-Four: We know Les Misérables is about a revolution, but which one?

Readers of Victor Hugo’s great novel, and viewers of the many stage and screen adaptations over the years, will recall that there is a scene on the barricades, when workers and students rebel against a cold-hearted government. What revolution is that?
a. 1789-94
b. 1830, “Les trois glorieuses”
c. 1848
d. 1832

Thermidor Fun Fact Day Thirty-Three: Where the heck is the Madeleine Cemetery, anyway?

Would-be royalists and fans of Le Cimetière de la Madeleine may well be frustrated if they come looking to pay their respects today because the Madeleine Cemetery isn’t there anymore. That site in the 8th arrondissement now features:
a. a department store
b. a fountain
c. the Chapelle Expiatoire
d. the catacombs of Paris


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